Epidemic spreading in modular time-varying networks

We investigate the effects of modular and temporal connectivity patterns on epidemic spreading. To this end, we introduce and analytically characterise a model of time-varying networks with tunable modularity. Within this framework, we study the epidemic size of Susceptible-Infected-Recovered, SIR, models and the epidemic threshold of Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible, SIS, models. Interestingly, we find that while the presence of tightly connected clusters inhibits SIR processes, it speeds up SIS phenomena. In this case, we observe that modular structures induce a reduction of the threshold with respect to time-varying networks without communities. We confirm the theoretical results by means of extensive numerical simulations both on synthetic graphs as well as on a real modular and temporal network.

Authors: 
Matthieu Nadini, Kaiyuan Sun, Enrico Ubaldi, Michele Starnini, Alessandro Rizzo and Nicola Perra
Room: 
1
Date: 
Monday, September 24, 2018 - 12:30 to 12:45

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